» To-shin Do Japanese terminology

catgorycatgory: Blog, Postsdatadata: 14 February 2013userauther:

ashi barai (ash-ee ba-raee) – leg sweep
fumikomi (foo-mee-koh-mee) – stamp-in
hiza geri (hee-zah geh-ree) – knee kick
kakato geri (ka-ka-toh geh-ree) – axe kick
kasei geri (ka-say-ee geh-ree) – low force kick
kin geri (kin geh-ree) – groin kick
maegeri (maeh geh-ree) – front kick
mawashi geri (ma-wa-shee geh-ree) – roundhouse kick
mikazuki geri (mee-kah-zoo-kee geh-ree) – crescent-moon kick
nami gaeshi (na-mee gaeh-shee) – returning wave
nidan geri (nee-dan geh-ree) – two-level (double) kick
sosuku geri (soh-suh-kuh geh-ree) – jumping double split-kick [also known as ‘moro-geri’]
tobi geri (toh-bee geh-ree) – jump kick
ushiro geri (oo-shee-roh geh-ree) – back kick
yoko keage geri (yoh-koh kee-a-geh geh-ree) – side snap kick
yoko kekomi geri (yoh-koh keh-ko-mee geh-ree) – side thrust kick

age uke (a-geh oo-keh) – rising block
enpi uchi (en-pee oo-chee) – elbow strike
gedan barai (geh-dan ba-raee) – lower-level sweep
haisho barai (haee-shoh ba-raee) – back hand sweep
harai-te (ha-raee teh) – sweeping hand
hiki-te (hee-kee teh) – pulling-in hand
juji uke (joo-jee oo-keh) – crossed block
kakae-te (kak-aeh teh) – trapping hand
kake-te (ka-keh teh) – hooking hand
kakiwake uke (ka-kee-wah-keh oo-keh) – opening/wedging block
koshi kamae (koh-shee kam-aeh) – hip posture
mae-te (maeh-teh) – front hand (typically describes a jabbing punch)
manji uke (man-jee oo-keh) – Swastika block
morote uke (moh-roh-teh oo-keh) – two-hands (reinforced) block
nuki-te (noo-kee teh) – spear hand
oizuki (ohee-zoo-kee) – thrust to the centre (lunge punch)
shuto uke (shoo-toh oo-keh) – sword-hand block
sukui uke (sook-oo-ee oo-keh) – scooping block
tate-shuto-uke (ta-teh shoo-toh oo-keh) – vertical sword-hand block
teisho barai (tay-shoh ba-raee) – palm heel sweep
tettsuo/tettsui uchi (tet-soo-oh/tet-soo-ee oo-chee) – hammer fist strike
uchi komi (oo-chee koh-mee) – strike-in (outer block)
ude uke (oo-deh oo-keh) – arm (inner) block
uraken uchi (oo-rah-ken oo-chee) – back fist strike

barai (ba-raee) – sweep
chudan (choo-dan) – middle level (from belt knot to upper chest)
dachi (da-chee) – stance [also known as ’tachi’]
dai (daee) – the major form of a kata
dan (dan) – (higher) degree or level
dogi (dor-gee) – Karate training uniform [commonly known as a ‘gi’]
dojo (dor-jor) – “the place of the way” (the practice venue)
gedan (geh-dan) – lower level (from belt knot downwards)
geri (geh-ree) – kick
godan (goh-dan) – fifth level
gyaku (g-yak-uh) – reverse or opposite
hajime (ha-jee-meh) – begin or start
hidari (hee-da-ree) – left
irimi (ee-ree-mee) – entering movement
jodan (joh-dan) – upper level (from upper chest to top of head)
kamae (kam-aeh) – posture
Karate-do (ka-ra-teh dor) – the way of the empty hand
karate-ka (ka-ra-teh-ka) – practitioners of karate-do
kawashi (ka-wa-shee) – evasive actions, similar to ‘tai sabaki’ and ‘irimi’
kime (kee-meh) – focus [of energy] at the end of a technique’s execution
kohai (koh-haee) – junior practitioner
kyu (kuh-yoo) – (lower) degree or level
ma-ai (ma-aee) – distance (between opponents)
mae (maeh) – front
migi (mee-gee) – right
nidan (nee-dan) – second level
obi (oh-bee) – belt
rei (ray) – bow or (show) respect
sandan (san-dan) – third level
seiza (say-za) – traditional Japanese kneeling/sitting posture
sempai (sem-paee) – senior practitioner
sensei (sen-say) – teacher
Shindo Shotokai (shin-doh shoh-toh-kaee) – the way of the Shotokai spirit
sho (shoh) – the minor form of a kata
shodan (shoh-dan) – first level
tai sabaki (taee sa-ba-kee) – body movement
tanden (tan-den) – the one-point or centre of the body, just below the navel
te (teh) – hand
tenkan (ten-kan) – turning movement [also known as ‘kaite’ and ‘mawate’]
tobi (toh-bee) – jump
uchi (oo-chee) – strike or hit
uke (oo-keh) – block
ushiro (oo-shee-roh) – back
waza (wa-za) – technique (often denotes plural)
yame (ya-meh) – stop or finish (end position after kata)
yodan (yoh-dan) – fourth level
yoi (yoee) – ready or begin (start position before kata)
zazen (za-zen) – sitting meditation
zuki (zoo-kee) – thrust (punch)

fudo-dachi (foo-doh da-chee) – immovable stance
gyaku hanmi (g-yak-uh han-mee) – opposite/reverse half-facing (position)
hachiji-dachi (ha-chee-jee da-chee) – figure of eight/natural/open-leg stance
hangetsu-dachi (han-geh-ts-uh da-chee) – hour-glass stance
heiko-dachi (hay-koh da-chee) – parallel (feet) stance
heisoku-dachi (hay-soh-kuh da-chee) – feet together stance
kiba-dachi (kee-ba da-chee) – horse-riding stance
kokutsu-dachi (koh-kut-suh da-chee) – back stance
kosa-dachi (koh-sa da-chee) – crossed-leg stance
musubi-dachi (moo-soo-bee da-chee) – informal attention/toes out stance
neko ashi-dachi (ne-koh ash-ee da-chee) – cat-leg stance
reinoji-dachi (ray-noh-jee da-chee) – ‘L’ stance
ryote fuse (r-yoh-teh foo-seh) – both hands facing down (on the ground)
sagi ashi-dachi (sa-gee ash-ee da-chee) – heron-leg stance
sanchin-dachi (san-cheen da-chee) – three-battle stance
shikko-dachi (sheek-koh da-chee) – square stance
shizentai (shee-zen-ta-ee) – natural/relaxed [also known as ‘shizen-dachi’]
sochin-dachi (soh-cheen da-chee) – battle stance
tsuri ashi-dachi (ts-uh-ree ash-ee da-chee) – crane-leg stance
zenkutsu-dachi (zen-kut-suh da-chee) – front stance

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